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Lourens Janszoon Coster

Dates: 1370-1440?
Notes:
Coster was long credited by some with having invented movable type before Gutenberg. Much of the controversy lies with the historical account of Hadrianus Junius, "Batavia", published in 1578, which recounts the story of how Coster began cutting letters into beech bark and developing an adhesive ink. Allegedly, he then made use of lead type, then durable tin type, then, one night, one of his assistants, John Fust, stole the printing equipment and took it to Mainz, which then claimed to be the birthplace of typography.
References:
pages 102ff: Timperley, C.H. Encyclopaedia of Literary and Typographical Anecdote, London: Henry G. Bohn, 1842.
Pages 56ff: Bernard, Auguste. De l'origine et des débuts de l'imprimeria en Europe, Paris: L'imprimerie Impériale, 1858.
Pages 326ff: De Vinne, Theodore L. The Invention of Printing, New York: Francis Hart and Co., 1876.
Occupations: printer

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